Sources

1 “Oral and Whole Body Health.” Scientific American special supplement. 2006

2 Newbrun E. Effectiveness of water fluoridation. J Public Health Dent 1989;49:279-89

3In community water supplies, the optimal amount is between 0.7–1.2 parts per million [ppm] source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website, http://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/fact_sheets/fl_caries.htm

4US Dept of Health & Human Services “Oral Health in America: A Report of the Surgeon General,” published in 2000.

5“Cost Savings of Community Water Fluoridation.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. August, 2001. http://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/fact_sheets/cost.htm

6“Since the 1950s, each U.S. Public Health Service Surgeon General has committed his or her support for community water fluoridation.” That’s a quote from the CDC website. “Surgeon General’s Statement on Community Water Fluoridation.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2004. http://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/fact_sheets/sg04.htm

7An Economic Evaluation of Community Water Fluoridation” (Griffin SO, Jones K, Tomar SL. Journal Public Health Dentistry 2001;61(2):81–82)]

8The reduction in costs of fillings (dental restorations) greatly exceeds the cost of water fluoridation in communities of any size. Source: An Economic Evaluation of Community Water Fluoridation” (Griffin SO, Jones K, Tomar SL. Journal Public Health Dentistry 2001;61(2):81–82)]

9The cost per person depends upon the size of the community. The larger the community, the lower the cost per person. Public water fluoridation costs between $.50 and $3.00 per person annually. [source: “An Economic Evaluation of Community Water Fluoridation” (Griffin SO, Jones K, Tomar SL. Journal Public Health Dentistry 2001;61(2):81–82).]

10 Washington State Department of Health. Smile Survey 2005. March 2006

11 Newbrun E. Effectiveness of water fluoridation. J Public Health Dent 1989;49:279-89

12“CDC Statement on the 2006 National Research Council (NRC) Report on Fluoride in Drinking Water.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. August, 2007. http://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/safety/nrc_report.htm

13Dental Data and Analysis Center, 2004 Average charges for dental fillings in Washington. January 2005

14” Frequently Asked Questions” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. August, 2007. http://www.cdc.gov/fluoridation/faqs.htm#8.